Nepalese people have seen all the rulers who have been rule over our country Nepal from the beginning Where,we can see many changes have been occurred during the rule of various Kings and new Politicians. From the day when Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev reign from the king than all things changes so rapidly. After the reign of king new politician have changed the entire scenario of Nepal.
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; gyānendra Śāh; born 7 July 1947) reigned as the last King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008 and “is also known as last king of hindu religion of the world”. As a child, he was also briefly king from 1950 to 1951, when his grandfather, Tribhuvan, went into exile in India with the rest of his family. His second reign had begun due to the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre.
kingGyanendra’s second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. His predecessor King Birendra had established a constitutional monarchy in which he delegated policy to a representative government. The growing insurgency of the Nepalese Civil War during King Gyanendra’s reign interfered with elections of representatives. After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, assuring that it would be a temporary situation to suppress the Maoist insurgency. In the face of broad opposition, he restored the previous parliament in April 2006. His reign ended approximately two years later, when the Nepalese Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a republic and abolished the monarchy.
Gyanendra was born in the old Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, as the second son of Crown Prince Mahendra and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra. After his birth, his father was told by a court astrologer not to look at his newborn son because it would bring him bad luck, so Gyanendra was sent to live with his grandmother.
In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal. He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950. Not only was Gyanendra crowned, but coins were issued in his name. The Rana Prime Minister provided a 300,000 rupee annual budget as expenditure for the King. After opposition to the hereditary rule of the Rana Prime Ministers from India, a deal was reached in January 1951, and Gyanendra’s grandfather King Tribhuvan returned to Nepal and resumed the throne. The actions of the Rana regime to depose his grandfather and place Gyanendra on the throne were internationally recognized.
Gyanendra served as the chairman of the Advisory Committee for the Coronation of his brother King Birendra in 1975. He is a keen conservationist and served as Chairman of the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (later known as National Trust for Nature Conservation) from 1982 until his reaccession to the throne in 2001.
Gyanendra married his second cousin Komal Rajya Lakhsmi Devi on 1 May 1970 in Kathmandu. They have two children:
- Prince Paras Bir Bikram Shah Dev (born on 30 December 1971).
- Princess Prerana Rajya Lakshmi Devi Singh (born on 20 February 1978).
Tantra means a system/method. Raja means King. Rajtantra is thus a system where kings rule. In short, monarchy. The difference between monarchy and dictatorship that in the former the person gets power through lineage/family. In dictatorship, the person gets the power by himself/herself.
Lok means people. Thus, Loktantra means people’s rule. Here people have a direct say in the proceedings. In other words a democracy. It could be through elections or it could be through town/village meetings where people gather to discuss and vote.
Praja means a citizen. Not all people are citizens. Prajatantra is also a name for democracy, but a little more formal and meaning the government is of the citizens alone, not just anybody around.
Gana means a council where everyone is equal. In Vedic India, we had these councils around the country that would discuss matters of importance. Ganatantra or Ganarajya means rule by the councils. Or in short a Republic — where we have a council [Parliament] to deliberate on important issues. A republic [Ganatantra] can be a democracy or need not be depending on how the council is chosen. China is a Republic, but not a democracy.
Its council is chosen not by general elections but through a closed process within the Communist party. In the same way, a loktantra [democracy] can be a republic or need not be. For instance, UK is a democracy but not a republic as it has a hereditary leader [Queen] as the head of the council. Switzerland is also not a republic as the people directly vote on issues rather than using Parliaments. India became a republic in 1950, but only in 1952 it actually became a democracy — when it conducted the first general elections based on a universal suffrage.
All Nepalese have seen the changes and the consequences of Nepal during various politicians who came and rule the parliament.
We faces many problems during the rule of different tantras one of them is the long term Blockade which was done by India during that time we face huge problems. We did not get Gas, Petroleum & all daily basic need items that time it was like a black day of that year. One famous Proverbs which said ” It is Better to be ruled by one Lion rather than 601 Sheep.” If only there is one ruler than all Nepalese people we be happy and benefited.