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How Did Commercial Bank Perform During Q2? A Detailed Analysis Of Major Fundamental Indicators

Despite many speculations in the market as to how the bank’s profitability will play out in the quarters to come because of the low-interest-rate environment and bad loans that might occur, banks have reported improved profitability indicators yet in this quarter.

In this article, we will be focusing mainly on the profitability and business volume indicators of commercial banks and do a comparative analysis. So, let’s dive into the numbers.

  • Profit for the period:

As per the net profit of the unaudited second quarter of FY 2078/79, Global IME Bank Limited (GBIME) is in the lead with a net profit of Rs 2.66 Arba. Similarly, NIC Asia Bank Limited (NICA) has the second-highest net profit of Rs 2.40 Arba in the same quarter. In the third position, Nabil Bank Limited (NABIL) has a net profit of Rs 2.18 Arba. The bank with the least net profit is Civil Bank Limited (CBL) whose net profit amounts to Rs 50 crores.

The industry average net profit of the 27 commercial banks is Rs 1.26 Arba.

All commercial banks except 6 have increased net profit this year compared to the same quarter of last fiscal year.

The total net profit for the year is Rs 34.13 Arba whereas that for the last year of the same quarter was Rs 31.05 Arba.

Paid-up capital:

Paid-up capital refers to the amount of money that commercial banks have received from their shareholders through the exchange of shares in the primary market.

The bank with the highest paid-up capital is Global IME Bank Limited (GBIME) with Rs 23.79 Arba capital and Prime Commercial Bank Limited (PCBL) with Rs 18.65 Arba paid-up capital.

* ADBL capital includes 5.43 Arba irredeemable noncumulative preference shares.

  • Reserve and surplus:

With an industry average of Rs 8.10 Arba, 9 banks stand above the average benchmark in their reserve fund. The total reserve and surplus of all commercial banks are at Rs 2.18 Kharba.

In terms of reserves and surplus, Nepal Bank Limited (NBL) has maintained its lead with a reserve and surplus of Rs 19.89 Arba. Rastriya Banijaya Bank (RBB) has maintained the second position with Rs 17.23 Arba reserve and surplus fund. Nabil Bank Limited (NABIL) is in the third position with a reserve and surplus of Rs 15.58 Arba.

  • Deposits from Customers:

On average, commercial banks have collected Rs 1.57 kharba as a deposit. In total 14 banks are above the average deposit collection.

As of the second quarter of FY 2078/79, NIC Asia Bank Limited (NICA) stands on top with total deposits worth Rs 2.94 kharba, Global IME Bank (GBIME) has the second-highest deposits of Rs 2.71 kharba. Similarly, the bank is followed by Rastriya Banijaya Bank Limited (RBB) with the collected deposit of Rs 2.42 kharba respectively. Nepal Bangladesh Bank Limited (NBB) has the lowest deposit collection of Rs. 80 Arba.

  • Loans and advances to Customers:

The top position in loans and advances is occupied by NIC Asia Bank Limited (NICA)  with credit disbursement worth Rs 2.61 kharba. Global IME Bank Limited (GBIME) has a loan and advances portfolio of Rs. 2.56 kharba. Nabil Bank Limited (NABIL) has a loan portfolio of Rs 2.15 kharba. Similarly on the other end of the rope, Nepal Bangladesh Bank Limited (NBB) has the lowest loan and advances portfolio of Rs. 74 Arba.

The industry average loan disbursed is Rs 1.46 Kharba. 12 commercial banks have a loan portfolio above Rs 1.46 Kharba.

  • Net interest income:

Net interest income is the net earnings of commercial banks through their core business of collecting deposits and lending loans. The bank with the highest net interest income is NIC Asia Bank Limited (NICA) with an income of Rs 5.24 Arba followed by Global IME Bank Limited (GBIME) with an income of Rs 4.80 Arba and Rastriya Banijaya Bank (RBB)  with an income of Rs 4.52 Arba.

The industry average net interest income stands at Rs 2.58 Arba. 12 out of 27 commercial banks are above the industry average in terms of net interest income.

  • Total comprehensive income:

Global IME Bank Limited (GBIME) has the highest comprehensive income of Rs 2.55 Arba.  NIC Asia Bank Limited (NICA) has the second-highest comprehensive income of Rs 2.21 Arba. Rastriya Banijya Bank Limited  (RBB) has the third-highest comprehensive income of Rs 1.77 Arba.

Major indicators:

  • Earnings per share:

NIC Asia Bank Limited (NICA) becomes the bank to serve investors with the highest annualized EPS of Rs 41.54 per share. Rastriya Banijya Bank Limited (RBB) has the second-highest EPS of Rs 27.54 per share. Siddhartha Bank Limited (SBL) is in the third position with annualized EPS of Rs 25.19 per share. Himalayan Bank Limited (HBL) stays at the bottom with an earning of Rs. 11.47 per share.

The average EPS of 27 commercial banks stands at Rs 18.89. 11 commercial banks still provide EPS higher than that of the industry average.

  • Net worth per share:

The highest net worth per share among these commercial banks is Rs 238.12 which belongs to Nepal Bank Limited (NBL)Rastriya Banijya Bank Limited (RBB) is in the second position with Rs 223.61. Everest Bank Limited (EBL) has the third-highest net worth per share as of Q2 of FY 2078/79 i.e. Rs 220.18. Century Commercial Bank Limited (CCBL) has the least net worth of Rs 121.19 per share.

The industry average net worth stands around Rs 161.39 per share. 10 companies have a net worth more than the industry average.

  • P/E ratio:

Global IME Bank Limited (GBIME) has the least PE ratio of 14.56 times. It is followed by Century Commercial Bank Limited (CCBL) with a PE ratio of 16.78 times. 19 commercial banks have a P/E ratio lower than the industry average of 21.93 times.

(The PE ratios are not the recent ratios rather the ratios for the quarter-end. Please look at the current market price to calculate the recent P/E ratio)

  • Non-Performing Loan:

In today’s context, the concern of investors simply does not rest upon which bank has more loans. The nature of the loan portfolio equally matters. Nepal SBI Bank Limited (SBI) reported the lowest NPL of 0.14% in terms of asset quality. SBI is followed by Everest Bank Limited (EBL) with an NPL of 0.26%.

Rastriya Banijya Bank Limited (RBBL) has reported the highest NPL of 3.06%. Since RBB is not tradeable, Agricultural Development Bank Limited (ADBL) seems to have the highest NPL of 2.08%.

  • Capital Adequacy Ratio

In terms of the Capital Adequacy ratio (CAR), Agricultural Development Bank Limited (ADBL) seems to have reported the highest CAR of 16.30%. This is followed by Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited (SCB) with a CAR of 15.95%.

Finally, the table below provides a full picture with major indicators of the 27 commercial banks as of the second quarter of FY 2078/79:

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