Ghatasthapana is the first day of Dashain. It is the beginning of Dashain Festival in Nepal. To be translated as Ghat=pot, and sthapana=establish in Sanskrit, its actual meaning illustrates thereby. The day starts with the establishment of the Kalash (a holy water vessel), which is done by putting holy water, flowers and grasses inside it and covering it outside with cow dung, followed by its worship which relates to Goddess Durga.
People observe Ghatasthapana by performing puja and setting up ghata or pot, on which they sow seeds of barley, wheat, corn and rice, at home and in temples as per the Vedic tradition.
According to Nepal Panchanga Nirnayak Samiti, the most auspicious time for sowing seeds in a mixture of sand and soil in a clay pot is 10:35 am tomorrow. The sprouted seedlings are called jamara. These are offered along with tika on the 10th day, which is observed as Vijaya Dashami.
According to the Samiti, following Ghatasthapana, the most suitable time for replacing national flags hoisted in government offices is 10:25 am on September 29 (Wednesday).
Likewise, October 6 and 7 will mark Mahaashtami and Mahanavami respectively. Tika or Vijaya Dashami, the main day of Dashain will be celebrated on October 8.
According to Nepal Panchanga Nirnayak Samiti, tika can be received and offered from the day of Vijaya Dashami to Kojagrat Purnima, the most auspicious time for receiving and offering tika is 10:35 am on Vijaya Dashami.
According to popular Hindu myth, Goddess Durga had killed the demon king Mahishasur on Mahanavami and Vijaya Dashami symbolises the victory of good over evil.
During Navaratra, devotees visit the temples of the goddess of power.